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De Bijzondere Rechtspleging 1944 tot 1952
by Eefting, Henk
The author became fascinated with the postwar settling of accounts of the Dutch authorities with those who had supported the Nazis as members of the Dutch National Socialist Party NSB (their membership does not suggest they were betrayers of opponents or fugitives), as auxiliary guards with the hulplandwacht, and as auxiliary police, the feared Landwacht. The government-in-exile instituted Special Tribunals, Bijzondere Rechtspleging, to try and contain the anger of the public with the collaborators who had acted as the legs, arms and eyes for the Nazis during the occupation, betraying suspected loyal fellow citizens, neighbours and sometimes family members for activities such as hiding those on the run. The tribunals were to be timely, rigorous and just with the political delinquents and collaborators. This special-tracked justice turned out to be problematic and controversial in every day practice, and unrealistic from a judicial, organizational, logistical, and moral point of view. Additionally, Queen Wilhelmina and her cabinet were divided, the Militairy Command, which controlled the liberated areas initially, the former Resistance and the BS, the citizenís guard (Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten) all had their agendas for a postwar reckoning and society, creating an embarrassing stain on Dutch history. Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Bernhard did not always act within the parameters of the Constitution. The author, although the son of a former NSB member and who served his country as a career Army officer and as a penitentiary official, approaches this subject from a broad perspective and documents it thoroughly. His conclusions are forthright and involve the entire post-war judicial aftermath. Those among us, whose parents and grandparents emigrated with a sense of disillusionment, will want to read this book to understand the context of the decision to pull up stakes. Dutch language.
Paperback, 453 pages, Illustrated with photographs and documents, notes, Special Import
USD 49.95 / CAD 49.95